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How to cor­rectly plant truffle and mush­room or­chards.

The planting, ir­ri­ga­tion and up­keep are fun­da­mental fac­tors for suc­cessful truffle or mush­room or­chards

Planting truffle plants.             

Mr BRUNEAU's plantation carried out on a plastic film - 80 microns, protection of plants with a mixed mesh sheath, 60cm high, 20cm in diameter

The young truffle plant must be in­stalled in a cer­tain volume of soft soil :

Plant the root plug without breaking it and taking care to cover it with 2 to 3 cm of soil.
Mulching car­ried out with a 100% biodegrad­able tile made of cork con­glom­erate (ROBIN HPK tile) 70 cm di­am­eter round , avoids weeding while pre­serving hu­midity at the foot of the young plants during the first 2 or 3 years, which is cru­cial for the per­for­mance of the crop later on.

The pro­tec­tive cov­ering will shelter the young plants from wild game (pro­tec­tion at a height of 60 cm against rab­bits and a height of 120 cm against deer).

Co­pi­ously water each plant im­me­di­ately after planting so as to tamp down the soil around the root plug (10 to 15 l of water per plant on the pro­tec­tion).

See the ROBIN Pro­tec­tion range

  • Contre les san­gliers, à l’heure actuelle, la pro­tec­tion la plus ef­fi­cace et la moins coû­teuse reste la clô­ture élec­trique, de plus elle est rapide d’in­stal­la­tion.
  • Ar­roser abon­dam­ment im­mé­di­ate­ment après la plan­ta­tion chaque plant afin de tasser la terre au­tour de la motte (10 à 15 litres d’eau par plant et sur nos pail­lages).

See the con­di­tions of our money-back guar­antee

Plan­ta­tion dis­tanceFor small plots of land: work the soil where the trees will be planted on 1m2 and 30 cm deep

       
A good com­pro­mise must be found be­tween the pre­cocity and the longevity of pro­duc­tion.

  • For Tuber me­lanosporum :

The rec­om­mended dis­tances are 4m on a line and 6m be­tween lines which is about 400 plants per hectare.
It is nec­es­sary to orient the lines NORTH -SOUTH so that the sun­shine can reach both sides of the hedge.
A square plan­ta­tion is also very worth­while and should be made re­specting the dis­tance of 5m by 5m be­tween each plant (400 plant per hectare).

  • In the case of Tuber un­ci­natum :

A den­sity of 800 to 1000 plants per hectare is fre­quently ap­plied (which is 4 x 3 m or 4 x 2.5 m) be­cause this truffle prefers to de­velops in fresh shaded areas.

  • For Tuber aes­tivum :

A den­sity of 400 to 500 plants/ha (5x5 to 4m) is ad­vised like for Tuber me­lanosporum.

  • For Tuber mag­natum :


The rec­om­mended planting dis­tances are iden­tical to those for the Tuber me­lanosporum that is 400 plants/ha (4x6m or 5x5).

Pruning :

Pruning for op­timal sun­shine and for stim­u­la­tion of the root system growth.
On one hand it con­sists of clearing the trunk over 50 to 70 cm max­imum in order to in­crease ex­po­sure to sun­shine. Note that the plan­ta­tions which are not ir­ri­gated ben­efit from not being pruned too much at the base in order to con­serve some cool­ness, thanks to the shade.
It is ad­vis­able to lighten the in­te­rior branches of the crown, when this be­comes too dense, in order to limit the risks of dis­ease and par­a­sites.
It is also rec­om­mended to prune the higher and lat­eral branches in order to limit the de­vel­op­ment of the crown in di­am­eter and in this way to en­courage ex­po­sure to sun­light at the foot of the trees. This kind of pruning is rec­om­mended only for Tuber me­lanosporum. It should be
achieved pro­gres­sively starting in the 2nd or 3 rd year fol­lowing planting ac­cording to the growth of the truffle plants.
But pruning has an­other pos­i­tive ef­fect, pruning the over­head part stim­u­lates root growth. This ef­fect
com­bined with soil work helps to main­tain and stim­u­late the my­c­or­rhiza­tion of the truffle trees.

Ir­ri­ga­tion :

It is essen­tial during the first 2 years,, in order to in­sure the re­covery of plants, with a mi­crosprinker (never with a drop by drop) or man­u­ally de­liv­ering 10 litres of water/plant after each planting and during the dry season.
Be­tween the 2nd and 5th year, wa­tering is only nec­es­sary in case of drought, and the fre­quency should be adapted to cli­matic con­di­tions as well as to the soil type.
From the 5th year, the point of wa­tering is to sat­isfy the water re­quire­ments of the truf­fles. It should be adapted to each soil type and the plu­viom­etry. On av­erage, it is rec­om­mended to water about every 3 weeks.

Badly car­ried out ir­ri­ga­tion is often more harmful than no ir­ri­ga­tion.

Or­chard main­te­nance :

Cul­tural prac­tices are nec­es­sary in order to ob­tain a plan­ta­tion with a pre­co­cious yield.
It is indis­pens­able to start working the soil at the foot of the trees in the first year of planting
over 1 to 2m2 and to a depth of 15 to 20 cm in the case where mulching has been used and starting in the 3rd or 4th year after having taken off the mulch.

Soil work in­volves :
Fa­vor­able hy­dric con­di­tions,
A fa­vor­able amount of or­ganic matter en­cour­ages in­tense bi­o­log­ical ac­tivity in the soil
Aer­a­tion of the soil

On the other hand soil work with a sharp-toothed tool, is also very ef­fec­tive on root system. As the soil work is car­ried out the roots are pruned and this pruning has the ef­fect of stim­u­lating growth and de­vel­oping the root system and in this way main­taining the de­vel­op­ment of truffle my­c­or­rhizae which occur mainly on the new roots.

The ideal is working the soil with a hoe and an axe. In the case of the large plan­ta­tion work will be car­ried out me­chan­i­cally, with a griffon, a vi­brating tine cul­ti­vator, or a harrow 15 to 20 cm deep ac­cording to the depth of the soil.

It is ad­vis­able to work once a year, at the be­gin­ning of Spring end of March be­gin­ning of April.

Choice of the HOST species and the species of TRUFFLE

The re­sults of the soil anal­ysis but also the in­for­ma­tion on geo­graph­ical lo­ca­tion and the cli­matic con­di­tions will help the choice of the best adapted species of truffle and our tech­ni­cians may also ad­vise you on the choice of host species best adapted to your con­di­tions, fol­lowing a
visit to your site. Species nat­u­rally oc­cur­ring in the en­vi­ron­ment should al­ways be pre­ferred for the fu­ture plan­ta­tion.

Do not he­si­tate to con­tact con­tact one of our mar­keting people in your area

Mush­room or­chard planting        

Planting ad­vice for mush­room plants :

VERGER A CHAMPIGNONS® mushroom orchardPlant the root plug without breaking it and taking care to cover it with 2 to 3 cm of soil.

Mulching car­ried out with a 100% biodegrad­able tile made of cork con­glom­erate (ROBIN HPK tile) 70 cm di­am­eter round , avoids weeding while pre­serving hu­midity at the foot of the young plants during the first 2 or 3 years, which is cru­cial for the per­for­mance of the crop later on.
The pro­tec­tive cov­ering will shelter the young plants from wild game (pro­tec­tion at a height of 60 cm against rab­bits and a height of 120 cm against deer).

See the ROBIN pro­tec­tion range

Dis­tance be­tween plants

One can place the plants 3m x 3m (1100 plants per hectare) and up to 4m x 4m (625 plants per hectare).

Choix de l’essence HÔTE et de l’espèce de champignon.

PLANT CHAMPIGNONS® plants with a round cork tile mulch

We ad­vise you carry out a physic-chem­ical anal­ysis of your soil be­fore any planting with PLANT CHAMPIGNON® mush­rooms. Based on the re­sults of that anal­ysis and the de­scrip­tion of the stands con­di­tions of your plan­ta­tion site, we can then ad­vise you on the species of fungi and of the host tree that are best adapted to your si­t­u­a­tion.

Do not he­si­tate to con­tact con­tact one of our mar­keting people in your area.

L’en­tre­tien de la plan­ta­tion

Is lim­ited to su­per­fi­cial soil work, in order to avoid com­pet­i­tive veg­e­ta­tion.
Note that putting in place in­di­vidual mulches re­moves the need for work around the base of the plants, lim­iting the risk of damage that could occur at this time. We prefer a.
round cork tile mulch with a di­am­eter of 70 cm and which is 100% biodegrad­able.